1. Relief of poverty: The plight of single motherhood globally is rapidly evolving as more women find themselves in situations that result in them becoming single parents. As they raise children alone while simultaneously taking on multiple roles and responsibilities, single mothers are faced with social, emotional, and financial difficulties. This in turn causes the single mothers to have feelings of hopelessness, opposition from members in their community, and challenges in fulfilling basic family needs for their children. It is worth noting that majority of single mothers particularly in urban areas are employed either as domestic workers or casual laborers in homes or retail establishments with less than minimum wages.
Given these challenges, it is therefore imperative that single mothers be identified as a unique category of people in society and appropriate methods of providing economic empowerment/capacity building to relief this state of be availed to them.
Neloshan realizes that what these single mothers need, is sustainable livelihood initiatives not just to support themselves and their families but for them to also reinvest in to their communities. To accomplish this Neloshan will conduct household needs assessments to establish their vulnerability and to identify viable income-generating ventures that each household can embark on that will result to increasing their income at household level and thereby supporting their families.
Based on the results of the household vulnerability assessment, Neloshan will provide support to the single mothers with livelihood initiative capital. Neloshan has identified two vulnerable categories of single mothers that it wishes to support namely:
a) those based in the rural environment set-up and;
b) those residing in the urban area locations.
For the rural-based single mothers, Neloshan will support them in agricultural trainings whose knowledge will help them in maximizing the utilization of their small farms in addition to providing them with initial principal (like Heifer, Sheep, Piglets, chicken, ducks and agricultural seeds). The harvest/yield will subsequently be able to meet both their subsistence needs as well as income generating residual. For the single mothers in the urban environment-set up Neloshan has realized that many of the problems associated with urban poverty are related to a lack of income. The urban poor do not have the income they require to meet their immediate basic needs for food, cooking fuel, passenger fare to and from their meagre menial jobs, water, shelter and essential health care services. Lack of income means that their diet is insufficient for good health and that it is difficult to pay for families to invest in the education and training which might enable them to obtain higher wages.
Lack of income also means it is difficult to save and secure assets, rendering single mothers’ households particularly vulnerable to crises. Neloshan intends to take these single mothers through an individual gifts and talents assessment, to determine where their strength lie while helping them identify viable income-generating venture/business that they can embark on to support their families. Based on the results of the gifts-and-talents assessment, the single mothers will receive sponsorship to the relevant training institutions that will enable them to hone the skills that suit them best.
2. Provide a charitable benefit to the public: As Neloshan empowers single mothers economically this will ensure that more resources are available to them. Women have been found to re-invest 80-90 per cent of their income back into the family businesses and in so doing increase potential for additional growth on income. As finances become readily and easily available, single mother will be able to have access to necessities such as food, health care, clean water as well as being able to send their children to school to acquire formal education. Good health is the foundation of a child’s life. Access to essential services, vaccinations, medical clinics and training in disease prevention provide stronger health, for children and their communities. Improved family welfare and lifestyle will ultimately enhance the economy of the communities in which they live in and consequently alleviate the cycle of poverty and suffering through effective and sustainable programs. As more single mothers get involved positively, the community takes increasing ownership of its success.